ZOLLVEREIN MASTERPLAN, GERMANY, ESSEN, 2002
|Masterplan for a former mining and coal refinery area|
By OMA © All rights reserved
In 1988 the coal refinery (the 'white side') of the Zeche
Zollverein was closed, five years after the mines (the 'black
side') had been shut down. The once famous Ruhrgebiet lost the
driving force behind its identity and its raison d'etre overnight.
For about 10 years the authorities did not know what to do with the
site, but were wise enough to buy it from the former owners and
declared it part of the industrial heritage of Germany.
On the 12 December 2001, UNESCO added Zeche Zollverein to the list of world heritage industrial monuments, partly on the basis of the OMA masterplan, which respects the site's original identity. The masterplan is developed in close collaboration with heritage specialists and conservationists, and will be gradually realised over the next eight years, until 2010.
The masterplan consists of a band around the historic site. New roads and the extension of an existing highway through a tunnel servicing the site will allow for an easier access. The rail tracks inside the site will be maintained as public space, and will connect the main buildings. The sky bridges for transporting coal will be opened for visitors, who can also visit a former mine 1,000m deep.
The allocation of new programs on the periphery allows the old buildings to maintain their grandeur and impact on the visitor. Inside the band of new program surrounding the Zeche Zollverein, new functions will be placed to guide, inform and attract visitors. The programming of the new buildings and re-programming of the existing buildings will contain many functions, most of which will be related to art and culture. Tri-annual and quintennial manifestations will attract visitors and generate an influx of events and ideas.
Masterplan for former mining and coal refinery area
Ministry for Culture, Sports and Housing of Nordrhrhein-Westfalen (NRW) and development company Zeche Zollverein
2002 commission, 2010 completion
1km2 former industrial site, classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage site in 2001
Attractors and other new programs of 100,000m2 (total area: 160,000m2)
Heinrich Böll Architekt BDA DWB
Alex de Jong, Ziad Shehab, Bart Cardinaal
Heinrich Böll Architekt BDA DWB: Wojciech Trompeta, Achim Pfeiffer, Frank Günther, Marc Lepper, Uwe Schall, Claus Filtmann, Hanno Weymann
Baumeister #B10, 10/06
De Architect, 11/06
Detail #9, 09/06
Domus #895, 09/06
Domus #897, 11/06
Form; special issue Entry 2006
GZ Art + Design #3, Fall 2003
Licht, Architektur, Technik + Buro, 01/07
Pasajes de Arquitectura y Crítica #49, 09/03
Scape #2, 2006
Partners in charge:
Rem Koolhaas, Floris Alkemade
Kees van Casteren, Olv Klein, Patrick Kuhn, Ena Lloret, Paz Martin, Katy Parssanedjad, Tammo Prinz, Jonas Sandberg, Erik Schotte, Johan De Wachter
Gelsenkirchener Strasse 181, Essen, Germany